Do you know? In the United States, the daily death toll has risen to 2,200 deaths per day. The amount of coronavirus cases has also eclipsed. Total 285,000 fatalities have been caused by the coronavirus pandemic and amount of infected Americans is reported to be 15 million.
Following are some of the latest critical health news regarding emergent diseases:
Taneja family global emerging diseases institute
Tampa General Hospital inaugurated its new venture of Taneja Family Global Emerging Diseases Institute. Taneja Institute is an independent facility that is capable of providing the best care for corona-positive patients and also patients facing other diseases. Taneja Institute will be the first one to research infectious diseases in Florida.
This institute is a result of a collaboration between USF Health Morsani College of Medicine and Tampa General Hospital. A highly qualified team of physicians from USF Health Morsani College of Medicine and TGH will run this institute, they will take care of outpatient clinical care through research and education and also the clinical care of the admitted patients.
Point-of-care diagnostics for infectious diseases
WHO has reported that the three big diseases of HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria are the cause of the new emerging diseases. The 2020-2025 report of the Point-of-Care Diagnostics Market for Infectious Diseases is a detailed study regarding point-of-care diagnostics. These diagnostics are either under-development or commercialized for the diagnosis of different kinds of infections.
The responsible pathogens for these diseases experience selective mutations that is why they become resistant to those antibiotics that are commonly used. This slows the proficient treatment of before mentioned medical conditions.
Tools for better diagnosis with high specificity and sensitivity are needed for better treatment and timely diagnosis. The diagnosis of bacterial diseases is done by uprooting the pathogen, whereas viral infections are diagnosed on a molecular basis.
Fauci’s Strategy against Coronavirus
Anthony Fauci is the recently appointed chief medical advisory by the elected president, Joe Biden. In a recent address, Fauci said that the government wants to provide vaccines to as many people as possible. The government is working on Operation Warp Speed, this operation will transfer the vaccines through trains, trucks, planes, etc. to the targeted places. Vaccinating 300 million individuals is not an easy task, that is why it will require some time and additional resources.
Fauci preferred antiviral agents because they can act directly and can be orally administered. These drugs will be given in combination for suppressing the virus.
Detection of Coronavirus’s Genetic Material in Wastewater
The coronavirus pandemic escalated in 2020. Çetecioğlu, along with her colleagues, knew that it was possible to detect the genetic material of the virus in human waste. In the Netherlands, the same method was used to detect the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2, it is the virus responsible for Covid-19.
In Stockholm, Çetecioğlu along with her team predicted another wave of the infections. The team detected a clear rise in the RNA found in wastewater samples. The process of sampling was done 2-3 weeks before the emergence of new corona cases.
Çetecioğlu and her team use simple techniques of molecular biology to detect viral genetic material in the wastewater. After extracting RNA from wastewater, it is detected by PCR (polymerase chain reaction).
Çetecioğlu said that there should be enough virus extracted to run it through the PCR, because the plants for wastewater treatment process enormous amounts of liquids, that is why the viral particles dropped by few individuals might get very diluted.
Recently, the Stockholm group of Çetecioğlu conducted a comparison between four dissimilar methods of recovering viral RNA. The results of this comparison revealed that the method of ultra-filtration recovers the most amount of virus consistently. She declared that other European cities should also use this wastewater examination to detect viral RNA.
New Facts Found About Crohn’s Disease in Children
The latest study has been published online in the Development Cell journal that can lead to modified treatment and management of Crohn’s disease. Scientists examined some fetuses who were only 6-10 weeks old. They assessed gene expression present in the individual cells of the intestines’ epithelium. They also analyzed the intestinal tissues of Crohn’s disease patients whose ages ranged from 4-12 years.
It was found out those cellular pathways that were active in the intestinal lining of the fetuses reactive themselves in children who are suffering from Crohn’s disease.
The investigators discovered that children facing inflammatory bowel infections didn’t show this reactivation. In recent decades, a rise in Crohn’s disease has been expected in children, such children were also suffering symptoms from diarrhea, fatigue, and abdominal pain.
Some lab-grown mini-guts were also found by the researchers that experience cellular changes the same way developing fetuses do. This means that mini guts can contribute to future research regarding gut development.