What Is Collagen, And Why Do People Use It?

What Is Collagen, And Why Do People Use It?

It is the substance that holds the body together. Collagen forms a scaffold to provide strength and structure.

Endogenous collagen is natural collagen, synthesized by the body. Exogenous collagen is synthetic. It comes from an outside source, such as supplements.

Endogenous collagen has a number of important functions. Breakdown and depletion are linked to a number of health problems.

Exogenous collagen is used for medical and cosmetic purposes, including the repair of body tissues.

What is collagen?

Share on PinterestCollagen has a sturdy structure. Gram-for-gram, some types are stronger than steel.

Collagen is a hard, insoluble, and fibrous protein that makes up one-third of the protein in the human body.

In most collagens, the molecules are packed together to form long, thin fibrils.

These act as supporting structures and anchor cells to each other. They give the skin strength and elasticity.

There are at least 16 different types of Trusted Source of collagen, but 80 to 90 percent of them belong to types 1, 2, and 3. These different types have different structures and functions.

The collagens in the human body are strong and flexible.

Type 1 collagen fibrils are particularly capable of being stretched. Gram-for-gram, they are stronger than steel.

Roles: What does collagen do?

Collagen is secreted by various cells, but mainly by connective tissue cells.

It is found in the extracellular matrix. This is an intricate network of macromolecules that determines the physical properties of body tissues. A macromolecule is a molecule containing a large number of atoms.

Share on PinterestWith age, collagen weakens, leading to wrinkles and cartilage problems.

In the dermis or the middle layer of skin, collagen helps form a fibrous network of cells called fibroblasts, upon which new cells can grow. It also plays a role in replacing and restoring dead skin cells.

Some collagens act as protective coverings for delicate organs in the body, such as the kidneys.

With age, the body produces less trusted Source collagen. The structural integrity of the skin declines. Wrinkles form, and joint cartilage weakens.

Women experience a dramatic reduction in collagen synthesis after menopause.

By the age of 60 years, a considerable decline in collagen production is normal.

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Uses: Medical and cosmetic

Collagen is resorbable. This means it can be broken down, converted, and absorbed back into the body. It can also be formed into compacted solids or lattice-like gels.

Its diverse range of functions and the fact that it is naturally occurring make it clinically versatile and suitable for various medical purposes.

Collagen for medical use can originate from humans, cows, pigs, or sheep.

Skin fillers

Collagen injections can improve the contours of the skin and fill out depressions.

Fillers that contain collagen can be used cosmetically to remove lines and wrinkles from the face. It can also improve scars, as long as these do not have a sharp edge.

These fillers are sourced from humans and cows. Skin tests should be done before using collagen from cows, to avoid aggravating any allergies.

Collagen can fill relatively superficial volumes. More extensive gaps are usually filled with substances such as fat, silicone, or implants.

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